"Credit Card Companies Not Secondarily Liable For Copyright Infringement," Sonja C. Rice, Esq.

On July 3, 2007, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued a ruling in Perfect 10, Inc. v. Visa International Services Association, finding that credit card companies and related entities cannot be held secondarily liable for copyright and trademark infringement by processing credit card payments to websites that are allegedly infringing a plaintiff’s intellectual property rights.